Select or find laptop is quite simple, you need a good understanding of the basic criteria for selecting a laptop. In this article, I will try as much as possible to elaborate on these same criteria. Immediately warn that huge article. I did not do a short article because in a short article it is very difficult to write about the fact that you can really come in handy when choosing or find laptop. I hope that after reading you will be able to find laptop.
How to choose or find laptop in 2016?
Choosing or find laptop with you, we will rely on the realities of 2016. Anyway, the market there are always new more advanced models of notebooks. Therefore, these recommendations a year ago may no longer be very relevant. Although the basic principle of the selection of notebooks, has not changed for a long time. So let’s get started.
Choose the type of laptop
There are several basic types of form factors (designs) laptops, which ought to tell you before you move on to the selection criteria find laptop.
Notebooks – ordinary laptops, the biggest casting. Among them are, as a relatively mobile solutions and quite powerful models can perfectly cope with modern games. You can choose almost any model to suit every taste and budget.
Netbook (netbook) – a small find laptop can have a screen between 7 and 11-12 inches. The find laptop is perfect for simple tasks such as Internet surfing and office work with content. Netbooks are light enough to ensure they can provide a sufficiently long battery life.
Laptops, tablets – is a hybrid solution that combines features such as a laptop or tablet. Laptops plates consist of a unit with a screen and keyboard unit. The find laptop with the screen can work independently as a regular tablet. Among them, you can find a model with two preloaded Android OS and Windows.
Notebook-transformer – it’s to find laptop, whose screen can turn up in all sorts of different. Among these laptops can be found the very interesting model with a very unusual form factor. Many of the notebook-transformer can boast quite a long time battery life (7-10 hours).
Ultrabook (Ultrabook) – is a slim, lightweight computer with a longer battery life. Its thickness is not more than 21 mm and a weight of not more than 1.8 kg. Ultrabook – a registered trademark of Intel, ultrabooks, therefore, made on a hardware platform Intel.
How to find laptop: Software and hardware platforms laptop?
Let’s start with ABC. Absolutely any to find laptop is a hardware-software complex consisting of two large interdependent parts:
- The first part – hardware, commonly referred to as “iron”. It includes the CPU, VGA card, hard drives, the matrix screen, etc.
- The second part – program. This includes the operating system and potentially install software, various programs, and games.
As already stated, both the notebook interdependent. For example, it may be, so that physically find laptop is 8 GB of RAM, but the pre-installed operating system “sees” only 4 GB. Agree not very nice when money is paid for a find laptop with 8GB, but have to work only 4. Of course, this problem can be solved, but still it’s not very nice.
On what parameters to find laptop?
Let’s start with the hardware the “iron” of the find laptop. From what components of your future will be equipped with a laptop, its performance depends, at work and other important things.
How to find laptop: processor?
One of the most important elements of the find laptop is the processor. In the market of notebook processors dominate two titans: Intel and AMD. Their solutions are installed in the vast majority of laptops. Whose better processors from Intel or AMD? By and large for the average user this does not matter. We are with you do not choose the brand of the manufacturer of the processor and a find laptop. The processor find laptop with we are not interested in the brand, and qualitative and quantitative indicators: the bit, the core clock speed, number of cores and caches.
Bit Processor Notebook
In simple terms the bit or bit depth – the number of bits per clock cycle. There are 32 and 64-bit processors. May be referred to as «x86» / «x32» and «x64». What it gives us? The 32 (bit) processors, combined with 32-bit operating systems do not support more than 3.25 GB (rounded up to 4 GB) of RAM. Even if inside the notebook 8GB, some of them will be available approximately 4. To date, 4 GB of RAM – is relatively small. If your requirements are not limited find laptop typing and social networks, it is best to look at 64-bit processors.
Microarchitecture Processor Notebook
Generally, the newer and more perfect processor, the more advanced it is implemented in the microarchitecture. Let’s not disassemble the terms “core” and “micro-architecture” is, in fact, this is not necessarily.
We are with you are interested in:
- Intel Processors on nuclei Haswell, Broadwell;
- AMD processors on nuclei Richland, Kaveri;
Number of processor cores
Put simply, the essence of multi-core is that the gain in processor speed is achieved by the fact that multiple cores cheated several tasks at the same time, ie, is as if parallelization. But by the same software, for example, a game must support multiple cores. As a result, if you want to play or work with 3D or 2D, to engage in video editing, etc. it is desirable to have been at least 4 cores. If you are going to work mainly with office and content to sit on the Internet, the number of cores, in principle, can be anything.
Clock speed and cache Processor
Clock frequency – the number of cycles per unit time may be specified in MHz or GHz. The bigger, the better.
Cache memory – block high-speed memory. It can be Specified two cache levels (L1, L2,), or may be three levels (L1, L2, L3). Typically MB indicates caches L2 and L3. For games and demanding programs L2 shall be from 1 MB and 3 MB of L3. In general, the larger the number of MB, the better.
How to find laptop: memory?
Memory (RAM, RAM or just “RAM” or “operative”) need to temporarily store data, ie it is roughly a work bench. Then this is the bench more, the better. The memory volume is measured in Gb, Gb more, the better, respectively.
Form factor Laptop RAM
From form factor depends on the type of construction strips of RAM. There are two basic types of form factors:
- DIMM (Dual Inline Memory Module) – for desktop computers;
- SO-DIMM – for laptops;
The specifications (specifications) find laptop do not always indicate such important parameters of memory as bandwidth, timings, etc. Usually just write that, for example, the memory of DDR3 or DDR4, frequency of 1600 and 8 GB. But in the case with the RAM great frequency indicators are not always good. In order not to fall into the detailed technical description, let me write it easier:
- 4GB – today very few (office, picking on the Internet);
- 8-16 GB – relatively comfortable use and gaming itself something;
- 16-32 GB – for games on the relatively high setting, modeling, video editing, etc;
- Volume more than 32 GB for the same purposes as 16-32 GB, but at a heavy load;
The frequency of memory should be about 1600 MHz or higher, the type DDR3. Or if it comes to that DDR4.
Upgrading RAM Laptop
If over time you’ll want to add memory, then in principle it can be done quite easily. However, before you buy to be sure to check whether there is a possibility to add a find laptop model / replace RAM. It is also important to know what is the maximum amount of memory supported. This information is indicated in the specifications of the laptop or in the instructions to the Germans. By the way, ultrabooks with the replacement / addition of memory problems usually occur because memory soldered on the motherboard, so an upgrade of RAM often impossible.
How to find laptop: graphics card?
For work with graphics in find laptop discrete graphics card is responsible and / or the built-in graphics card (the graphics processor, built-in adapter, this thing can be called in different ways). The configuration of the graphics in a notebook can be the following:
Embedded graphics. Integrated graphics, ie Built-in video card. He copes with simple games and allows you to operate quite freely, provided that you are not going to play in a modern, dynamic games, like Crysis 3 and Watch Dogs.
Discrete graphics. Discrete graphics, ie discrete (separate) video card. Depending on its performance can play the corresponding game. The card can be both gaming and professional. If you do not want to work with large projects in the field of CAD and 3B, the video game features will be enough. If you want to work professionally with modeling, CAD, you can look to the laptop with professional graphics, such as lines of AMD FirePro, NVIDIA Quadro.
Hybrid Graphics. Integrated graphics processor + discrete graphics card. This is a very good solution, because, In this case, it is possible to switch between the two graphics cards (graphics cards). Such roles are well-optimized energy consumption, and, therefore, increases the battery life of the notebook.
SLI or Crossfire graphics. Two discrete graphics card (SLI or Crossfire). Two graphics cards are equipped with some of the most powerful and expensive laptops.
Technology adaptive frequency sweep G-Sync and FreeSync notebooks
These technologies eliminate the “gaps” and other schools in games. So if you want to play comfortably, I can recommend a look at the notebook with one of these technologies. Support Information G-Sync or FreeSync indicated in the specifications of the find laptop.
What is different from the notebook graphics card desktop PC?
It is important to understand that mobile video laptops are different from their desktop counterparts, not only size but also performance. The difference in performance is an average of about 45-55% in favor of big cards. Game developers usually point to the system requirements, desktop video, so you need to take into account the difference in performance.
So what graphics card for the find laptop to choose? To do this, you need to write in the search engines’ ranking video card “or” rated video cards for laptops. ” There you will certainly find a tremendous league table in which the graphics card for laptops properly ranked. Ratings are updated often, they find all the necessary information.
How to find laptop: the drives?
If memory is a work bench, the drive – a warehouse. The notebook can be used two main types of storage devices: HDD and SSD. In the case of HDD (Hard Disk Drive), data is recorded on a rotating magnetic disk, as in the case of SSD (Solid State Disk) we SSD built on memory chips. The laptops may be the following drive configurations:
1 x HDD-drive. We are here with you interested in the speed of rotation (rpm, rev / min). It should be better than 5400 or 7200. But the volume of the disk depends upon your needs, then it is useless to advise. It is conditionally possible to recommend the HDD volume of 500 GB and above.
1 x SSD-drive. It works much faster than normal HDD, moreover virtually silent. When using SSD significantly increases the speed of loading the operating system. Yes b? in general, significantly increases the speed of operation. Self-SSD is used by the system and programs. For example, if you are working with CAD, modeling or graphics SSD-drive will manifest itself in all its glory. However SSD relatively expensive in comparison with HDD. Also, I do not recommend the use of SSD as a garbage file. Do not throw to filmography, anthologies and other such ponderous good as there is a limit at the SSD write cycles. However, do not be afraid to use the average number of write cycles is almost irrelevant. The main thing to do from an SSD trash, better to use a system-software needs. Also on the Internet there are lots of materials dedicated to the proper operation of SSD (highly recommend to read).
HDD + SSD. Quite often in find laptop is one drive SSD, and the other HDD. It’s pretty convenient because system and software can be placed on the SSD, and file storage uses an HDD.
The hybrid version of HHD + SSD Cache. It’s kind of a compromise version. Small SSD (8-32 GB) is used for caching data of the main HDD-drive. For example (HDD + SSD Cache) 1008 GB, ie The capacity is 1000 GB HDD and SSD Cache volume is 8 GB. This version runs significantly faster than regular HDD, but because of the small volume of the SSD does not always, it turns out to push back all the necessary data.
What is the result? If you want to use your find laptop more for office tasks and are not going to develop, working with CAD or graphics, the configuration of the drives can be any. If you want just to cope with all the laptop for a little bit, I recommend paying attention to the configuration HDD + SSD Cache, or HDD + SSD (depending on the budget). If you are engaged in any development, design, modeling, working professionally with graphics and so on, depending on your budget better look at the configurations in which there is at least one of the SSD volume 80 GB.
Currently, the most common matrices are two main types: TFT TN and IPS TFT. TN-matrices are in most laptops, IPS is used in a relatively expensive models. TN-matrices have a very short response time, which makes them attractive for the games. But the majority of implementations relatively small viewing angles. If you sit directly opposite the screen, the image distortion is not observed, but should you deviate to the side, the picture is immediately changed. IPS-matrix has a slightly larger response time than their counterparts TN, IPS but much better color reproduction and have a pretty good viewing angles. In general, the picture they look much better than TN.
If you color reproduction is extremely important, for example if you work with graphics, it is best to choose a find laptop with IPS. In any other case, everything now depends on the budget.
Also, the screen can be matte or glossy. For example, if you want to sit with a find laptop on the bench in summer days, it’s likely you need a matte screen. If you plan to use the laptop mainly indoors, in my opinion, better to choose a laptop with the glossy screen.
How to find laptop: battery
Nowadays there are two main types of batteries. Most laptops use lithium-ion (Li-Ion) batteries. There are also more advanced Lithium Polymer (Li-Polymer) batteries. Typically, manufacturers specify the rated capacity of the battery. It is measured in milliampere-hours (mA · h mAh). Theoretically, the larger the nominal capacity of the battery, the longer the find laptop will run without recharging. But it is important to understand that the more powerful hardware laptop, the faster it find laptop battery.
Interfaces and connectors notebook
Strictly speaking, interfaces and connectors in most cases are not the decisive criteria in the selection, but still let’s briefly go over the most important of them.
There are USB 2.0, USB 3.0 and USB 3.1 (USB-C). With the first two types, it’s simple interface – USB 3.0 better than USB 2.0. But USB 3.1 (USB-C) has appeared relatively recently, yet he is a rarity, but in the long term, it will likely replace USB 2.0 and USB 3.0. Through connector USB-C data run at speeds up to 10 Gbit / c, moreover, it is symmetrical, ie it does not slide, and still be right.
This interface allows you to connect your notebook to a variety of demanding data transfer speed peripherals (camera, sound cards, etc.).
Interfaces for connection to external monitors and TVs
Currently distributed the following interfaces: VGA (D-Sub), DVI, HDMI (HDMI, micro HDMI), DisplayPort (DisplayPort, Mini DisplayPort). I can recommend looking at the models of notebooks, which is available HDMI or even better DisplayPort. If you are going to have to connect your find laptop to your existing monitor or TV, then just look at those interfaces that have them.
So, with the iron of a find laptop sorted out. Now let’s look at the software part.
How to find laptop: Select the operating system for laptop
Laptops can be sold as a pre-installed operating system, and without it. To date, there are a few select areas OS: Windows from Microsoft, Mac OS X from Apple, different distributions of Linux. Let’s briefly go over them.
How to find laptop: Windows
Laptop on Windows
Windows is installed on most laptops (so at least said). The main advantage of Windows lies in the fact that it has a huge number of games and applications. You can choose a program or game from almost any need. Windows are normally blamed for the heavy, relatively slow, relatively large number of malicious programs, etc. If you want to play, or you require to operate the software is there for Windows, the tone this time (2015) I recommend you look for laptops based on Windows 7, Windows 8. In my opinion, buying a find laptop on Windows 10 may be somewhere in the region of the end 2015 starts 2016, as By this time, most likely, will be released updates that correct a variety of “roughness”.
How to find laptop: Mac OS X
Laptops on Mac OS X
It will set out on the MacBook laptops from Apple. Many users have reported the relative ease and stability of the OS. Among the few drawbacks noted the small number of games for this OS. If you have an iPhone / iPad, and all your games and applications for Mac OS has a BW feel free to take any of the MacBook’ov on its base. By the way if you want to work with Windows – applications, you will be very useful Parallels Desktop.
Distributions quite a lot, but when viewed as a whole, users report free of charge, high speed even on laptops, the relative stability of the relatively low disk space requirements, the relatively low number of malicious programs. Among the shortcomings emit the relatively small number of games and applications. If you are not sure whether you need Linux, you can try to set yourself any of the Linux distributions alongside Windows to see what it is. For beginners, I recommend Mint or Ubuntu.
The choice of the operating system, in the long run, depends on the availability to her right for you games and programs. So you just need to define a list of games and applications, and this is already starting to choose their operating system.
Laptops without pre-installed operating system
If you want to move the system and all the data from your old computer, it’s likely you need a find laptop without a preset system. The data transfer is nothing complicated about it for a long time already all written in the special text and video tutorials that can be easily found on the Internet.
How to find laptop: Conclusion
As you can see the variety of laptop is a relatively simple task. Although article and get huge, but I hope that after reading it, you will become clearer in which direction to move the selection to find laptop.